We are pleased to announce the details of the next Working Group meeting at the Acta Arthotel, Andorra la Vella, 6-9 July 2016.


The hotel, which is family-run, has given us a package deal, with full board and conference facilities covering everything except  travel to Andorra.  There is a choice of standard room or suite for the three nights, which can be occupied as singles or doubles (or twins – they just separate the beds).  Both types of room are extremely comfortable and all rooms have free wifi.  The food is good and includes vegetarian and special dietary options.


Here are the package prices, per person.  Please note that these prices are for the full package (NOT per night), and include full board, conference rooms and facilities, and a gala dinner.

STANDARD DOUBLE ROOM                         €200.37

SINGLE STANDARD ROOM                           €236.37

SUITE, DOUBLE OCCUPANCY                      €268.37

SUITE, SINGLE OCCUPANCY                        €322.37


Here are the rates for those wishing to add a day or two to their visit.


Week (Monday to Friday)

Double room with breakfast: 27€/ person/ night

Single room with breakfast: 39€/ person/ night

Saturday night

Double room with breakfast: 31,20€/ person/ night

Single room with breakfast: 46,40€/ person/ night


Week (Monday to Friday)

SUITE -Double room with breakfast: 54€/ person/ night

SUITE -Single room with breakfast: 78€/ person/ night

Saturday night

SUITE -Double room with breakfast: 62,40€/ person/ night

SUITE -Single room with breakfast: 92,80€/ person/ night


There is no airport in Andorra.  The best way to travel there is to get a plane or train to Barcelona or Toulouse (whichever suits you better) and then take a coach up to Andorra la Vella, which takes about 3 hours.  The hotel is five minutes’ walk from the bus station.  It is also possible to drive, e.g. from Perpignan, but you will have to pay to park at the hotel.


Subgroup 1: Ethics, Deontology

Leader: Leny de Groot-van Leeuwen<L.deGroot@jur.ru.nl>

Subgroup 2: Family, policy and the Law

Leaders: Benoit Bastard < benoitbastard1@gmail.com>

Mavis Maclean <mavis.maclean@spi.ox.ac.uk>
Subgroup 3: International Lawyering and Large Law Firms

Leader: Gabriele Plickert<gplickert@abfn.org>

Subgroup 4: Judiciary

Leader: Tony Bradney <a.bradney@keele.ac.uk>

Subgroup 5: Lawyers and Clients 

Leader: Avrom Sherr<Avrom.Sherr@sas.ac.uk>
Subgroup 6: Legal Aid

Leader: Alan Paterson <prof.alan.paterson@strath.ac.uk>
Subgroup 7: Legal Education

Leader: Fiona Cownie <F.Cownie@keele.ac.uk>
Subgroup 8: Legal Professional Values & Identities
Leaders: Hilary Sommerlad <H.A.K.Sommerlad@bham.ac.uk>

Steven Vaughan <s.vaughan@bham.ac.uk>
Subgroup 9: Regulatory Reform

Leader: Christine Parker <christine.parker@monash.edu>
Subgroup 10: Women/Gender in the Legal Profession

Leader: Ulrike Schultz <Ulrike.Schultz@FernUni-Hagen.de>

Subgroup 11: Project 2018

Leaders: Ole Hammerslev <ohv@sam.sdu.dk>

Hilary Sommerlad <H.A.K.Sommerlad@bham.ac.uk>

Subgroup12: Histories of Legal Professions

Leaders: Wes Pue pue@law.ubc.ca

Susan Carle: scarle@wcl.american.edu;

Sub-group 13: Lawyers and Imperialism

Leader: Sara Dezalay sara.dezalay@gmail.com


If you are interested in attending, please contact Rosemary Auchmuty at r.auchmuty@reading.ac.uk as soon as possible and let me know

  • If you intend to attend the meeting
  • What sort of room you want (standard or suite, single or double)
  • If double, the name of your companion in the room
  • If you plan to present a paper, in which sub-group you intend to present (and please also let the leader of the sub-group know)
  • Whether you would like to stay additional days before or after the meeting and, if so, which days.

This expression of interest will not constitute a firm booking.  It is just so that the hotel and I can plan.  I will call for FIRM RESERVATIONS in January 2016.

PLEASE DO NOT BOOK DIRECTLY WITH THE HOTEL; I will assemble the list of names and room requirements.

Likewise, PLEASE DO NOT SEND ME ANY MONEY.  Your contract will be directly with the hotel, and you will register on arrival and pay your bill on departure (the cost of the package plus additional purchases such as drinks from the bar).

We look forward to seeing you there!


Rosemary Auchmuty (Chair)


The next meeting of the RCSL Working Group on Comparative Studies of Legal Professions will take place 6-9 July 2016 at the Acta Arthotel, Andorra la Vella.


More details will follow.

This is a comparative report on access to justice in EU member states:

And this is about access to justice in Europe:


For all those who missed the Frauenchiemsee meeting of the Legal Profession Group, here the link to the videostreams of presentations we have recorded. Maybe you can also use some of it in your teaching. As we could only record in one room, you find all the plenaries and the videostreams of the presentations in the bigger room we had. Sorry for all the pearls we could not collect. I also attach the agenda of the meeting and the list of the videostreams.

All the best




Legal Profession Group Meeting 2014

Frauenchiemsee July 6-9, 2014

1 Legal Profession

2 Legal Professional Values and Identities

3 Family Justice Procedure

4 Women/Gender in the Legal Profession

5 Author Meets Reader


Vom 6.-9.7.2014 hatte die International Working Group for the Comparative Studies of Legal Professions ihr zweijährlich stattfindendes Treffen in der Abtei Frauenwörth in Frauenchiemsee.  Organisiert worden ist es vom „Chair“ der Gruppe, Ulrike Schultz, Akademische Oberrätin am Lehrstuhl für Deutsches und Europäisches Verfassungs- und Verwaltungsrecht sowie Völkerrecht, Prof. Dr. Andreas Haratsch, tatkräftig unterstützt von Ina Schultz, Projekt JurPro. Sie hatten auch schon das vorhergehende Treffen vom 1.-4.7.2012 in Haus Schlesien in Königswinter organisiert. 61 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus 14 Ländern (Kanada, USA, Australien, Türkei, Syrien, Israel, Japan, Niederlande, Belgien, UK, Portugal, Frankreich, Finnland und Deutschland) hatten eine zum Teil um den halben Globus reichende Reise nach Bayern angetreten.

Diese Working Group der Internationalen rechtssoziologischen Vereinigung RCSL hat sich 1980 gegründet, die juristischen Berufe der Welt sowohl gesellschaftspolitisch und rechtlich wie aus professions- und organisationssoziologischer Sicht vergleichend zu studieren und zur Theoriebildung beizutragen. Bei den Treffen, dieses war das 16., werden aktuelle Entwicklungen referiert und analysiert. Es finden regelmäßig Sitzungen statt zur Praxis und zum Standesrecht der Berufe, zur Juristenausbildung, zum International Lawyering, zur Familienrechtspraxis, zur staatlichen Finanzierung von Rechtsbeistand und zu Genderfragen. Im Zeitalter von Diversity sind in den Fokus gerückt Fragen der Professional Values and Identities und im Zuge globaler Rechtshilfe und Demokratisierungsprozesse das Thema Lawyers and Legal Imperialism. Im Laufe der Zeit sind viele Publikationen aus der Arbeit der Gruppe hervorgegangen. Die Untergruppe Women/Gender in the Legal Profession, die seit vielen Jahren von Ulrike Schultz geleitet wird, hat zwei große Sammelbände zusammengestellt: Women in the World´s Legal Professions (2003) und Gender and Judging (2013), beide bei Hart Publications in Oxford erschienen. Hinzukommen viele kleinere Publikationen. Aktuell wird im Kontext des an der FernUniversität laufenden Projekts JurPro ein Sammelband zu „First Women Law Professors and Gender and Careers in the Legal Academy“ vorbereitet.

Einige der Sitzungen in Frauenchiemsee sind wie auch schon in Königswinter aufgezeichnet worden und werden als Videostreams ins Netz gestellt.

Weitere Informationen:








Legal Profession Group Meeting


Frauenchiemsee July 6-9, 2014



Sunday, July 6th  


  1. 00 – 19.00 Registration
  2. 00 Dinner at “Inselhotel zur Linde”



Monday, July 7th


  1. 00 – 08.45 Breakfast at “Klosterwirt”


  1. 45 Welcome


  1. 50 – 10.20 Plenary 1



Legal Profession 1:

Professional Innovations and Influences: Agents of Change




Matthias Kilian (Germany): The Legal Profession in Germany – an Update


Susan Le Mire, Zoe Rathus (Australia):

News from the Antipodes


Avrom Sherr (England):

“The Selfie, without Self-Regulation” Can Representative bodies see themselves as others see them?


Mavis Maclean (England):

Delivery of Family Justice in Late Modern Societies.



  1. 20 – 10.35 Coffee break


  1. 35 – 12.05 Plenary 2



Legal Profession 2:

Professional Innovations and Influences: European and International Aspects


Helen Hartnell (USA/Germany):

European Legal Elites: Building the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: Amsterdam, Tampere and Civil Justice



Ole Hammerslev (Denmark):

Assisting State Reform in Post-Cold War Eastern Europe: Western lawyer involvement in Eastern Europe


Sara Dezelay (France/Germany):

Law professionals and legal practices on the African continent: colonial legacies and dynamics of internationalization


Bev Baines (Canada):

Refusing to License Evangelical Christian Law Graduates, Feminism, and the Constitution: Canada’s 21st Century Controversy.




  1. 00 – 13.00 Buffet Lunch at “Klosterwirt” (the Subgroup heads meet over lunch)


  1. 00 – 14.30 Parallel sessions


Maybe we have to switch rooms with these 2 sessions

Women/Gender in the Legal Profession 1


Chair: Harriet Silius (Finland)


Ligia Afonso (Portugal):

Gender Aspects of Work Experiences and Job Satisfaction of Legal Practitioners. Evidence from Portugal


Margaret Thornton (Australia):

The conundrum of balancing work and life in large law firms in Australia


Richard Collier (England):

Rethinking Wellbeing in the Legal Profession (Or what do we talk about, when we talk about ‘wellbeing’ in law?)

Legal Profession 2:

A New Period of Change in the English Legal Profession


Chair: Matthias Kilian


Linda Haller (Australia):

Abolition of Immunity in the UK in 2000 and its effects on legal practice


Arnold Rose (England):

The English Legal Profession: slow change


Lisa Webley (England):

Legal professional deregulation, new entrants and legal ethics in England and Wales


Matthias Kilian (Germany) (comments):

Comparative Aspects: lawyers´ liability, legal protection insurance and third party financing of lawyers´ fees in Germany








  1. 30 – 15.30 Short tour around the island and coffee break




  1. 30 – 17.00 Parallel sessions


Legal Education / Women/Gender in the Legal Profession 

Gender and Careers in the Legal Academy


Chair: Erika Rackley (England)


Fiona Cownie (England):

Claire Palley, the first female law professor in the UK: an Archerian analysis


Leny de Groot (The Netherlands):

The first female law professor in the Netherlands


Ulrike Schultz (Germany):

Gender constructions and traditions: The stony way for women in the legal academy in Germany


Legal Aid





Chair: Alan Paterson (Scotland)


Avrom Sherr (England):

Never mind the quality, feel the width


Ab Currie (Canada):

What Everyday Legal Problems Cost


Alan Paterson (Scotland):

Joined up thinking: Quality assurance and the regulation of legal aid lawyers






  1. 00 – 17.15 Coffee Break
  2. 15 – 19.00 Parallel sessions


Legal Professional Values and Identities 1



Chair: Rosemary Hunter (England/Australia)


Hillary Sommerlad (England):

Pussy Riot: show trials and the New Lawyer


Simon Rice (Australia):

Resilience and motivation among community legal centre lawyers in Australia


Rakesh Anand (USA):

On the legitimacy of religious lawyering


Susan Carle (USA):

Consequences of the Exclusion of African American Women from the Legal Profession prior to 1920



       Chair: Tony Bradney


Nienke Doornbos (The Netherlands):

Loyalty within the judiciary


Verda Irtis (Turkey).

Does a court create an identity? A study on the juvenile court judges in Turkey


Gözde Aytemur (Turkey):

The interdependency between professional identity of prosecutors and social relations in Turkey: an isolation story


Bruce Green (USA):

Reforming the regulation of the prosecutors: A slightly comparative perspective


  1. 00 – 20.30 Buffett dinner at “Klosterwirt”
  2. 30 – 21.30 Evening Meeting: 30 years after Bellagio – The history of the legal profession group – Report on the past 4 years

Election of new chair, planning of future work and next meeting



Tuesday, July 8th


  1. 00 – 08.45 Breakfast at “Klosterwirt”


  1. 45 – 10.15 Parallel sessions


Legal Profession 3

Aspects of Practice


Chair: Avrom Sherr (England)


Wes Pue (Canada):

Professional innovations from outside the metropolis: 19th century Birmingham and early 20th century Winnipeg


Eyal Katvan (Israel):

Solo Dancers: Solo Practitioners in Israel


Ina Pick (Germany):

Lawyer-client interaction from a linguistic point of view


Ethics, Deontology 1           

General Issues


Chair: Leny de Groot (The Netherlands)


Stefan Rutten, Bernard Hubeau, Jean van Houtte (Belgium):

Misconduct of Lawyers: The discipline of a legal profession (Belgium)


Lynn Mather (USA):

A new look at lawyers´ ethics in the U.S.


Rob Rosen (USA):

Legal Independence and Legal Ethics




  1. 15 – 10.30 Coffee break
  2. 30 – 12.00 Plenary 2



Author meets Reader


Author: Alan Paterson (Scotland):

Final Judgment. The Last Law Lords and the Supreme Court. Oxford: Hart 2013


Chair: Ulrike Schultz



Tony Bradney, England

Mavis Maclean, England

Margaret Thornton, Australia

Ulrike Schultz, Germany

Ole Hammerslev, Denmark


  1. 00 – 13.00 Buffett Lunch at “Klosterwirt”
  2. 45 – 14.15 Parallel sessions



Ethics, Deontology 2

Work Climate


Chair: Lynn Mather (USA)


Christine Parker (Australia):

Ethical Well-being in the Legal Profession: Let´s make the personal politics


Gabriele Plickert (Germany), Benoit Bastard (France), Anne Boigeol (France):

A Comparative study of the legal profession in France and Germany through the lens of ethics


Susan Le Mire (Australia):

Are Lawyers Bullies? Interacting in a professional workplace


Legal Education



Chair: Fiona Cownie (England)


Rosemary Auchmuty (England):

Paradoxes of the English Law School


Maureen Spencer (England):

The state, the university and liberal legal education.


Stefan Machura (England and Wales/ Germany):

Law students’ trust in the courts and the police


  1. 15 – 14.30 Coffee break
  2. 30 – 16.00 Parallel sessions



Legal Professional Values and Identities 2   

“New” Lawyers and Judges


Chair: Hillary Sommerlad


Rosemary Hunter:

Judicial Diversity and the New Judge


Steven Vaughan:

Gay lawyers and the English legal profession


Theresa Lynch:

Black and Minority Ethnic Students and Mooting at Birmingham Law School: A Discussion Inspired by Basil Bernstein


Women/Gender in the Legal Profession 3

Gender (In)Justice

Chair: Margaret Thornton


Harriet Silius (Finland):

Is intersectionality the solution to make sense of addressing inequalities?


Yayo Okano (Japan):

Constitutionalism in a Crisis: Reactionary Politics and its Effects on Gender Politics in Japan


Atsuko Miwa (Japan):

Gender Justice or Retention of Public Order and Morals? From Cases of Japanese courts


Yoko Naito (Japan):

Solo-Mothers living with the Fear of “State of Nature”: the Influence of Family Law and Images of Marriage in Japan


  1. 15 Meeting at the Boat Landing
  2. 25 Departure for Herrenchiemsee
  3. 35 Arrival at Herrenchiemsee

15 mins walk to the castle of King Ludwig II of Bavaria

Those who have problems to walk can take a horse carriage.
There are also wheel chairs available at the Information Desk at the landing.

We recommend those to rather take the boat at 15.35.


  1. 00 Guided Tour in English Language through the castle
  2. 00 Walk through the park to “Schlosshotel”
  3. 30 Welcome drinks
  4. 00 Dinner at “Schlosshotel” (3 choices: meat, fish, vegetarian)
  5. 45 Walk from “Schlosshotel” to Boat Landing
  6. 00 Boat back to Frauenchiemsee



Wednesday, July 9th


  1. 00 – 08.45 Breakfast at “Klosterwirt”
  2. 45 – 10.15 Parallel sessions


Family, Policy and the Law

Session Family Justice Procedure


Chairs: Benoit Bastard (France) and Mavis Maclean (England)


Mavis Maclean (England):

Lawyers and mediators: conflict or convergence?


Bregje Dijksterhuis (The Netherlands):

Users´ opinion about online self-help tools on alimony payment


Zoe Rathus (Australia):

The unscientific use of science by lawyers in the family law system in Australia

Women/Gender in the Legal Profession 3

Gender and Judging

Chair: Atsuko Miwa


Rosemary Hunter (England) and Erika Rackley (England):

When to be a Feminist: Lady Hale´s Judgments on the UK Supreme Court


Monique Cardinal (Canada/Syria):

Challenging the System: Women judges and public prosecutors before and after the Syrian Revolution of 2011

Keiko Sawa (Japan):

The Role of Women Lawyers in Gender Issues in Japan



  1. 15 – 10.30 Coffee Break
  2. 30 – 11.45 Last session


Women/Gender in the Legal Profession 4

Images of Women Lawyers

Chair: Ulrike Schultz (Germany)

Stefan Machura ( England and Wales/ Germany):

Liberalism and Law in the TV-series “The Good Wife”



Peter Robson (Scotland):

The analysis of the representation of women lawyers on TV to contrast 21st century portrayals in the UK


  1. 00 End of the Meeting


The sub-group was established by Hilary Sommerlad and Kim Economides in 2006 at the bi-annual meeting of the Working Group on Legal Professions, held that year in Peyresq, France. The sub-group’s theme reflected Hilary’s research into professional identity formation, and Kim’s work on legal ethics.

Since 2006 the sub-group has generated a wide ranging and lively engagement with its themes from speakers in many different jurisdictions.  Its first meeting was held in 2007 at the International Congress of Sociology of Law, Humboldt University, Berlin. There were 2 sessions, and papers were presented by Leny de Groot; Ernestine Kohne; Kim Economides; Lisa Webley; Cynthia Epstein; and Hilary Sommerlad, addressing a range of topics from identity formation and ethics amongst judges and ’cause lawyers’ to the role of narrative in law firms in forming ethical behaviour.

At the 2010 Meeting of the Working Group (held in Gif sur Yvette, Paris) there were presentations from Adrian Evans, Lisa Webley, Adelheid Kühne; Hilary Sommerlad; Ruth Djordjevic and Paula Fernando. The papers addressed a range of themes including how ethical behaviour amongst lawyers might be assessed, the casualisation of legal labour markets and the impact on identity, and stress and strain experienced by civil and family lawyers.

In 2011, as a result of his re-location to New Zealand and the responsibilities of his new post, Kim left the group; he is now Dean of Flinders Law School, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia: kim.economides@flinders.edu.au

The sub-group had one session at the 2012 Meeting (Haus Schlesien, Bonn), in which the following papers were presented: Hilary Sommerlad: ‘Bleached out’ professionalism versus white macho masculinities, pathologies of black masculinities or black professionalism? How to succeed as a black male solicitor’; Anna Krajewska: ‘Law experts? The role of lawyers providing service to local governments in Poland’; Lisa Webley: ‘Diversity and the Legal Profession: The Importance of the ‘Right’ Academic Background’; Rob Rosen: ‘The Law: Business or One of the Professions?’

At this year’s meeting in Frauenchiemsee July 6-9, 2014, the panel will have two sessions:


  • Hilary Sommerlad: Pussy Riot: show trials and the New Lawyer
  • Simon Rice: Resilience and motivation among community legal centre lawyers in Australia
  • Rakesh Anand: On the legitimacy of religious lawyering
  • Susan Carle: Consequences of the Exclusion of African American Women from the Legal Profession prior to 1920


  • Rosemary Hunter: Judicial Diversity and the New Judge
  • Steven Vaughan: Gay lawyers and the English legal profession
  • Theresa Lynch: Black and Minority Ethnic Students and Mooting at Birmingham Law School: A Discussion Inspired by Basil Bernstein

Steven Vaughan and Theresa Lynch are members of the Centre for Professional Legal Education and Research (CEPLER), Birmingham Law Schoolhttp://www.birmingham.ac.uk/facilities/CEPLER/index.aspx,   which Hilary moved to as Research Director in April 2013.  Professional identity and values are key themes of the Centre, and we are always pleased to hear from colleagues who would like to visit us.  The Centre’s first book is due to be published in late 2014 by Hart:  The Futures of Legal Education and the Legal Profession http://www.hartpublishingusa.com/books/search.asp?st=2&s=The+Futures+of+Legal+Education+and+the+Legal+Profession, and pre-orders can now be made on Hart’s website.  Hilary is also Articles Editor of Legal Ethics – see http://www.hartjournals.co.uk/le/index.html – and of course welcomes submissions on professional values and identities.

Ideas for panels at future meetings or research collaborations on any issue relating to professional identity and professional values would also be most welcome – to be sent to Dr. Hilary Sommerlad, Professor of Law, Research Director of the Centre for Professional Legal Education and Research, Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, United Kingdom

E. H.A.K.Sommerlad@bham.ac.uk;     T. +44 (0) 1214144030  


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