Founders: B. Bastard (CNRS – ISP, France), C. Mouhanna (CNRS – CESDIP, France), C. Dubois (University of Liège – CRIS, Belgium), D. Delvaux (University of Liège – CRIS, Belgium), F. Schoenaers (University of Liège – CRIS, Belgium).
For decades, judicial organizations and legal professionals within them did not really evoke any managerial concern. Values related to justice or to the law and its application (place of the technical quality of the examination of the files and of the grounds of the decisions, equal treatment, independence, etc.) could protect the institutions and actors from any intrusion of this nature. The 80’s marked a turning point for public services: the era of New Public Management has emerged. This last carried new values: effectiveness, efficiency, quickness, accountability, merit. Justice, though influenced a few years after the other public institutions is no exception regarding the managerial pressure coming from politics, media and users who want to expect and require substantial improvement of organizational performance. The introduction of management’s rhetoric and tools is now an established fact in the judiciary. This new situation raises several questions and a need to develop fundamental issues. Particularly, it incurs the need to analyze the impact of management (based on legal modifications and/or on the introduction of tools imported from the private sector) on judicial organizational structures (police, justice, prisons, houses of justice) and professional practices of its stakeholders. Specifically, the purpose of this sub group is to bring together the contributions of researchers, whose interest is to raise awareness of the process of introduction of management into judicial organizations. To do this, the topics we would like to address are:
– The place and role of the economical rhetoric about numbers and efficiency;
– The introduction or creation of new procedures to reduce the time;
– The impact of the quest for efficiency;
– The nature of the devices, instruments, practices (workload measurement, statistics, activity monitoring, etc.);
– The impact of current changes on the organization of services, the work of the courts, the methods of decision making;
– The impact on professions;
– The analysis of the relationship between politics and the judiciary through the administration of justice and reforms;
The impact on citizens (litigants, defendants, plaintifs, etc.).